What is an EPD?
An Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) is an independently verified and registered document that communicates transparent and comparable information about the life-cycle environmental impact of products. As a voluntary declaration of the life-cycle environmental impact, having an EPD for a product does not imply that the declared product is environmentally superior to alternatives.
The relevant standard for Environmental Product Declarations is ISO 14025, where they are referred to as “type III environmental declarations”. A type III environmental declaration is created and registered in the framework of a programme, such as the International EPD® System.
An EPD may be used for many different applications, including green public procurement (GPP), building assessment schemes and eco-design. The concept of type III environmental declarations was developed to primarily be used in business-to-business communication, but their use in business-to-consumer communication is not precluded by the standards.
Recent trend of EPD
In 2014, the International EPD® System became a daughter company of IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute. And in the past 3 years, the registration of EPDs is doubled, the reason behind is EU’s legislation and initiatives for circular economy.
- Green Procurement
- EU Energy Performance of Building Directive
- EU directive on sustainability reporting
- Harmonization of European legislation
- EU Initiative: Resource efficiency in construction segment
Standardization, Labeling, Certification:
- PEF and OEF legislation
- Harmonization of EN 15804 and PEF
- 2nd generation of Euro Codes (Lifecycle approach)
EPD registration in the International EPD® System by the end of 2019
The International EPD® System
Set up in 1997, the International EPD® System is one of the first EPD systems in the world. It is a global programme for environmental declarations based on ISO 14025 and EN 15804. Our database currently contains more than 1600 EPDs for a wide range of product categories by organizations in around 50 countries.
Some well-known Swedish companies have EPD registration in the International EPD® System: ABB, AkzoNobel, Electrolux, Ericsson, NCC, Skanska, SSAB, Stora Enso, Tetra Pak.
The webinar on “Maximizing market advantages with EPDs” from May 2018 gives an introduction to the development and use of EPDs.
For more info regarding EPD and the International EPD® System: www.environdec.com